Biological changes in auditory function following training in children with autism spectrum disorders

Nicole M. Russo, Jane Hornickel*, Trent Nicol, Steven Zecker, Nina Kraus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Children with pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), such as children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), often show auditory processing deficits related to their overarching language impairment. Auditory training programs such as Fast ForWord Language may potentially alleviate these deficits through training-induced improvements in auditory processing.Methods: To assess the impact of auditory training on auditory function in children with ASD, brainstem and cortical responses to speech sounds presented in quiet and noise were collected from five children with ASD who completed Fast ForWord training.Results: Relative to six control children with ASD who did not complete Fast ForWord, training-related changes were found in brainstem response timing (three children) and pitch-tracking (one child), and cortical response timing (all five children) after Fast ForWord use.Conclusions: These results provide an objective indication of the benefit of training on auditory function for some children with ASD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number60
JournalBehavioral and Brain Functions
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 16 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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