The enediyne antitumor antibiotic C-1027 chromoprotein is produced by Streptomyces globisporus. The biosynthesis of the (S)-3-chloro-4,5-dihydroxy-β-phenylalanine moiety (boxed) of the C-1027 chromophore (1) from l-tyrosine (3) and its incorporation into 1 are catalyzed by six enzymes: SgcC, SgcC1, SgcC2, SgcC3, SgcC4, ShcC5. In vivo and in vitro characterization of these enzymes delineated this pathway, unveiling a novel strategy for β-amino acid modification featuring β-amino acyl-S-carrier protein intermediates. These findings shed new light into β-amino acid biosynthesis and present a new opportunity to engineer the C-1027 biosynthetic machinery for the production of novel analogues as exemplified by 20-deschloro-C-1027 (4), 20-deschro-22-deshydroxy-C-1027 (5), and 22-deshydroxy-C-1027 (6).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry