Biotinidase reveals the morphogenetic sequence in cochlea and cochlear nucleus of mice

Craig L. Brumwell, Waheeda A. Hossain, D. Kent Morest*, Barry Wolf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Hearing loss affects children with biotinidase deficiency, an inherited metabolic disorder in the recycling of biotin. The deficit appears shortly after birth during development of the auditory system. Using a mouse model, we sought to discover where and when biotinidase is expressed in the normal development of the cochlea and cochlear nucleus. In the process, we reconstructed the normal morphogenetic sequences of the constituent cells. Immunolabeling for biotinidase was localized to neurons and other cells of the adult and immature mouse, including the embryonic precursors of these regions dating from the stage of the otocyst. Its distribution was compared to the particular morphological changes occurring at each developmental stage. Biotinidase was localized in cells and their processes at the critical stages in their proliferation, migration, structural differentiation, and innervation, covering the entire span of their development. The prevalence of immunostaining peaked in the adult animal, including hair cells and ganglion cells of the cochlea and neurons of the cochlear nucleus. The findings suggest that biotinidase plays a role in the normal development of the auditory system. Besides the pattern of localization of biotinidase, this study provides the first systematic account of each developmental stage in a mammalian auditory system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-121
Number of pages18
JournalHearing research
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Nov 2005


  • Auditory system
  • Development
  • Hearing loss
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Light microscopy
  • Syndromic deafness
  • Vestibular ganglion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems


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