The cellular, biochemical, biomechani-cal, and histologic effects of radiofrequency-generated heat on osteoarthritic cartilage were assessed. Articular cartilage explants (n=240) from 26 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were divided based on Outerbridge grade (I or II/III) and randomly assigned to receive no treatment (controls) or monopolar or bipolar radiofrequency at 15 or 30 W.Both potentially beneficial and harmful effects of radiofrequency treatment of articular cartilage were noted. It will be vital to correlate data fromin vitro and in vivo study of radiofrequency thermal chon-droplasty to determine the clinical usefulness of this technique.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine