(BiSe)1.23CrSe2 and (BiSe)1.22(Cr1.2Se2)2: Magnetic anisotropy in the first structurally characterized Bi-Se-Cr ternary compounds

Samantha M. Clarke, Danna E. Freedman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Compounds containing both heavy main group elements and paramagnetic transition metals form a fertile area for the study of magnetic anisotropy. We pursued the synthesis, characterization, and magnetic measurements of Bi-Se-Cr compounds: a ternary system with no structurally characterized materials. Those efforts led to the isolation of two novel misfit layer compounds, namely, (BiSe)1.23CrSe2 (1) and (BiSe)1.22(Cr1.2Se2)2 (2). The crystal structure of 1 consists of alternating BiSe and CrSe2 layers along the c-axis, and 2 is composed of alternating BiSe and (Cr1.2Se2)2 layers along the c-axis. Lattice mismatch occurs in both compounds along the b-axis and leads to positional modulation of the atoms. Field- and temperature-dependent measurements were performed to assess the degree of magnetic anisotropy. Temperature-dependent susceptibility measurements on aligned crystals of 1 display increased bifurcation of zero-field cooled and field cooled data when crystals are oriented with H perpendicular to c than when the crystals are oriented with H parallel to c. Magnetic anisotropy is less pronounced in 2 where both crystallographic orientations exhibit bifurcation at 26 K. The complexity of the magnetic behavior in both compounds likely signifies a competition between CrSe2 intralayer ferromagnetic coupling and interlayer antiferromagnetic coupling. These results highlight the exciting magnetic properties that can arise from the exploration of new ternary phases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2765-2771
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 16 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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