Bismuth/Silver-Based Two-Dimensional Iodide Double and One-Dimensional Bi Perovskites: Interplay between Structural and Electronic Dimensions

Xiaotong Li, Boubacar Traoré, Mikaël Kepenekian, Linda Li, Constantinos C. Stoumpos, Peijun Guo, Jacky Even, Claudine Katan, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


New structures with favorable band structures and optical properties are of broad interest to the halide perovskite community. Recently, lead-free two-dimensional (2D) double perovskites have emerged as dimensionally reduced counterparts of their three-dimensional analogues. In addition to the structural diversity provided by the organic cation, the achievement of 2D lead-free iodide double perovskites has prompted researchers to explore more structures in this new material family. Here, we report the synthesis and structures of a series of 2D iodide double perovskites based on cyclic diammonium cations (aminomethyl)piperidinium (AMP) and (aminomethyl)pyridinium (AMPY), (4AMP)2AgBiI8 and (3AMPY)2AgBiI8, and compare them with one-dimensional (1D) structures with Bi only (x-AMP)BiI5 and (x-AMPY)BiI5 (x = 3 and 4). The crystallographic structures of the double perovskite phases are highly distorted, because of the inability of Ag to form regular octahedral coordination with iodine. The experimental bandgaps of the double perovskite phases are surprisingly similar to ((4AMP)2AgBiI8) or even larger than ((3AMPY)2AgBiI8) those in the 1D structures with the same cations ((4AMP)BiI5 and (3AMPY)BiI5). Density functional theory calculations suggest that the effective electronic dimensionality of the double perovskites is on a par with or lower than that of the 1D structures. The reduced electronic dimension of the 2D compounds originates from the weak electronic coupling between the corner-sharing Ag and Bi octahedra. The band structures of the 1D compounds are dispersive in the chain direction, suggesting that their electronic and structural dimensions are similar. Low-frequency Raman spectra exhibit distinct peaks at room temperature for all compounds reported here, suggesting rigid lattices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6206-6216
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 10 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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