Bladder Cancer Following Medicaid Expansion: No Changes in the Diagnosis of Muscle-Invasive Disease and Time to Treatment

Oliver S. Ko, Adam B. Weiner, Anuj S. Desai, Amanda X. Vo, Jake A. Miller, Lauren F. Cooley, Shilajit D. Kundu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer patients who are insured experience improved outcomes. Medicaid expansion aimed to increase insurance coverage and improve access to care. However, the association between Medicaid expansion and stage at diagnosis or time to treatment for those with advanced bladder cancer is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine to association of Medicaid expansion with stage at diagnosis, and time to treatment for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. METHODS: A US-based cancer registry was utilized to evaluate the association between Medicaid expansion and cancer stage at diagnosis, insurance rates, and time to treatment (>60 days from diagnosis) for those diagnosed with bladder cancer. We compared outcomes in non-Medicare-aged patients in non-expansion states (n = 16,602) and expansion states (n = 15,921) before (years 2012-2013) and after (years 2015-2016) Medicaid expansion with adjusted difference-in-differences (DIDs) using multivariable linear regression. RESULTS: The DIDs of percentage of bladder cancer patients with Stage≥II disease (0.02%; 95% confidence interval [CI] -1.91 to 1.95%, p = 0.9), without insurance (-0.65%; 95% CI -1.71 to 0.41), and with metastatic disease at diagnosis (-0.07%; 95% CI -1.14 to 1.00, both p > 0.10) did not change following insurance expansion despite an increase in Medicaid coverage (6.03%; 95% CI 4.79 to 7.29, p < 0.01). Any treatment with either cystectomy, radiation or systemic therapy > 60 days after diagnosis of stage≥II disease did not change (DID 1.48%; 95% CI -3.29 to 6.25%, p = 0.50). On subgroup analysis of patients living in low-income regions, the rates of stage≥II disease, no insurance, metastatic disease, and time to treatment did not significantly change. CONCLUSION: Medicaid expansion was not associated with changes in advanced cancer stage at diagnosis or time to treatment in newly diagnosed bladder cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalBladder Cancer
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Medicaid expansion
  • United States
  • Urothelial neoplasms
  • bladder neoplasms
  • epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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