Background: Intra-abdominal hypertension is identified as an independent risk factor for death. However, this pathophysiological state is not always considered in patients in medical intensive care units and is frequently underdiagnosed. Methods: Serial bladder pressure measurements were recorded in patients admitted to the medical intensive care units to determine the frequency of intra-abdominal hypertension. Results: This study included 53 patients with a mean age of 59.0 ± 17.7 years. The average admission intra-abdominal pressure was 10.0 ± 5.4 mm Hg with a range of 0 to 28 mm Hg. Eleven patients (21%) had an initial pressure reading above normal (>12 mm Hg). Peak airway pressures were higher, and PaO 2 /FiO 2 ratios were lower in patients with an initial pressure >12 mm Hg. Conclusions: Bladder pressure measurements provide an easy method to estimate intra-abdominal pressures and provide an additional tool for the physiologic assessment of critically ill patients.
- Abdominal compartment syndrome
- Bladder pressure measurement
- Intra-abdominal hypertension
- Medical intensive care
ASJC Scopus subject areas