Blimp-1/Prdm1 alternative promoter usage during mouse development and plasma cell differentiation

Marc Alard Morgan, Erna Magnusdottir, Tracy C. Kuo, Chai Tunyaplin, James Harper, Sebastian J. Arnold, Kathryn Calame, Elizabeth J. Robertson, Elizabeth K. Bikoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

The zinc-finger PR domain transcriptional repressor Blimp-1/Prdm1 plays essential roles in primordial germ cell specification, placental, heart, and forelimb development, plasma cell differentiation, and T-cell homeostasis. The present experiments demonstrate that the mouse Prdm1 gene has three alternative promoter regions. All three alternative first exons splice directly to exon 3, containing the translational start codon. To examine possible cell-type-specific functional activities in vivo, we generated targeted deletions that selectively eliminate two of these transcriptional start sites. Remarkably, mice lacking the previously described first exon develop normally and are fertile. However, this region contains NF-κB binding sites, and as shown here, NF-κB signaling is required for Prdm1 induction. Thus, mutant B cells fail to express Prdm1 in response to lipopolysaccharide stimulation and lack the ability to become antibody-secreting cells. An alternative distal promoter located ∼70 kb upstream, giving rise to transcripts strongly expressed in the yolk sac, is dispensable. Thus, the deletion of exon 1B has no noticeable effect on expression levels in the embryo or adult tissues. Collectively, these experiments provide insight into the organization of the Prdm1 gene and demonstrate that NF-κB is a key mediator of Prdm1 expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5813-5827
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume29
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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