Body Mass of U.S. Hispanics/Latinos From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL): How Do Diet Quality and Sedentary Time Relate?

Marisa J. Perera*, Diana A. Chirinos, Carrie E. Brintz, Neil Schneiderman, Martha Daviglus, Gregory A. Talavera, Krista M. Perreira, Rebeca A.Espinoza Giacinto, Qibin Qi, Maria M. Llabre

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Little evidence exists on diet quality- and sedentary time-related differences in body mass index (BMI) among immigrant and nonimmigrant Hispanics/Latinos with different lengths of U.S. residence. A total of 13,962 (80.2% foreign-born) Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) participants aged 18 to 60 from four U.S. cities (Bronx, NY; Chicago, IL; Miami, FL; and San Diego, CA) underwent standardized interviews and fasting blood tests. Diet quality was total Alternative Healthy Eating Index score. Sedentary time was number of <100 counts/minute over 3 to 6 days. BMI was examined using regression models adjusted for age, income, Hispanic/Latino background, HCHS/SOL site, and tobacco use. Two three-way interactions (diet or sedentary time length of residence sex) were tested to examine health behavior-related differences in BMI among immigrant and nonimmigrant males and females. The diet length of residence sex interaction was significant (b =.005, 95% confidence interval [−.003,.008]). For a 10-unit Alternative Healthy Eating Index difference, the BMI difference was greater among immigrant females in the United States longer (0 years =.84 kg/m2; 10 years = 1.64 kg/m2). Diet-related obesity prevention efforts may start soon after migration, particularly for immigrant women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-63
Number of pages9
JournalHispanic Health Care International
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • Hispanic-Americans
  • Latino populations
  • health behavior
  • immigrant health
  • obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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    Perera, M. J., Chirinos, D. A., Brintz, C. E., Schneiderman, N., Daviglus, M., Talavera, G. A., Perreira, K. M., Giacinto, R. A. E., Qi, Q., & Llabre, M. M. (2020). Body Mass of U.S. Hispanics/Latinos From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL): How Do Diet Quality and Sedentary Time Relate? Hispanic Health Care International, 18(2), 55-63. https://doi.org/10.1177/1540415319874809