Bone Directed Therapies for Prostate Cancer

Deborah A. Bradley, Maha Hussain*, Robert S. DiPaola, Philip Kantoff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Purpose: Bone is the most common site of metastatic disease in prostate cancer and the lead cause of significant morbidity. Preclinical and clinical studies have provided insight into the pathophysiology of bone metastases and the changes that occur in the bone microenvironment that result in a favorable site of growth for prostate cancer. We provide an overview of recent advances in understanding bone biology, and bone targeted therapy research and development. Materials and Methods: We reviewed recent research findings related to the biology of bone metastases, approaches to targeting osteoclast function, approaches to targeting osteoblasts and advances in assessing the treatment response to bone targeted therapies in the context of prostate cancer management. Results: To date targeting some of the key players in the bone microenvironment has not been associated with a significant antitumor effect or with meaningful clinical benefit in phase III randomized trials. A significant limitation in the development of bone targeted therapy has been the inability to objectively assess treatment response. Investigation of improved imaging techniques are ongoing to provide better treatment assessment and, therefore, allow more rapid drug screening and development. Conclusions: It is our recommendation that future therapy development should be combination based, focusing on simultaneous targeting of multiple relevant pathways. Most important of all is the direct targeting of prostate cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S42-S48
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number3 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Sep 2007


  • bone and bones
  • neoplasm metastasis
  • prostate
  • prostatic neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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