Recent studies have reported an increased risk of fracture among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in comparison with the general population. The aim of this study was to examine associations between SLE status and bone geometry in white and African-American women. We compared hip BMD and bone geometry parameters among SLE women and control individuals using hip structure analysis (HSA). One-hundred and fifty-three dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans from the Study of Lupus Vascular and Bone Long Term Endpoints (68.7% white and 31.3% African American) and 4920 scans from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (59.3% white and 40.7% African American) were analyzed. Linear regression was used to examine BMD and bone geometry differences by SLE status and by race/ethnicity after adjusting for age and BMI. Significant differences were detected between SLE and control women. Among white women, age-adjusted BMD (g/cm 2), section modulus (cm 3), and cross-sectional areas (cm 2) were lower among SLE women than among control women at the narrow neck (0.88 versus 0.83 g/cm 2, 1.31 versus 1.11 cm 2, and 2.56 versus 2.40 cm 2, p < 0.001, p < 0.01, and p < 0.0001, respectively), whereas buckling ratio was increased (10.0 versus 10.6, p < 0.01). Likewise, BMD, section modulus, and cross-sectional areas were decreased among African-American SLE women at all subregions, whereas buckling ratios were increased. There were significant bone geometry differences between SLE and control women at all hip subregions. Bone geometry profiles among SLE women were suggestive of increased fragility.
- Bone densitometry
- Modeling and remodeling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine