Bootstrapping the P300 in diagnostic psychophysiology: How many iterations are needed?

J. Peter Rosenfeld*, Anne Ward, Ewout H. Meijer, Denis Yukhnenko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


In psychophysiological research, bootstrapping procedures are often used to classify individual participants. How many iterations are required for a reliable bootstrap test is not universally agreed upon. To investigate the number of iterations needed for a stable bootstrap estimate, we reanalyzed P300 data collected in concealed information test paradigms. We also distinguished between the bootstrap and permutations approaches. We compared results in several studies using 100 versus 1,000 versus 10,000 iterations in the bootstrap, and we concluded that 100 iterations were adequate as results from all three iteration numbers correlated highly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-373
Number of pages8
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017


  • Bootstrapping
  • P300
  • Permutations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • General Neuroscience


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