Bovine and equine peritubular and intertubular dentin

S. R. Stock*, A. C. Deymier-Black, A. Veis, A. Telser, E. Lux, Z. Cai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Dentin contains 1-2 μm diameter tubules extending from the pulp cavity to near the junction with enamel. Peritubular dentin (PTD) borders the tubule lumens and is surrounded by intertubular dentin (ITD). Differences in PTD and ITD composition and microstructure remain poorly understood. Here, a (∼200 nm)2, 10.1 keV synchrotron X-ray beam maps X-ray fluorescence and X-ray diffraction simultaneously around tubules in 15-30 μm thick bovine and equine specimens. Increased Ca fluorescence surrounding tubule lumens confirms that PTD is present, and the relative intensities in PTD and ITD correspond to carbonated apatite (cAp) volume fraction of ∼0.8 in PTD vs. 0.65 assumed for ITD. In the PTD near the lumen edges, Zn intensity is strongly peaked, corresponding to a Zn content of ∼0.9 mg g-1 for an assumed concentration of ∼0.4 mg g-1 for ITD. In the equine specimen, the Zn K-edge position indicates that Zn2+ is present, similar to bovine dentin (Deymier-Black et al., 2013), and the above edge structure is consistent with spectra from macromolecules related to biomineralization. Transmission X-ray diffraction shows only cAp, and the 00.2 diffraction peak (Miller-Bravais indices) width is constant from ITD to the lumen edge. The cAp 00.2 average preferred orientation is axisymmetric (about the tubule axis) in both bovine and equine dentin, and the axisymmetric preferred orientation continues from ITD through the PTD to the tubule lumen. These data indicate that cAp structure does not vary from PTD to ITD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3969-3977
Number of pages9
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2014


  • Dentin
  • Tubule
  • X-ray diffraction mapping
  • X-ray fluorescence mapping
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology


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