Pediatric histiocytic neoplasms are hematopoietic disorders frequently driven by the BRAF-V600E mutation. Here, we identified two BRAF gene fusions (novel MTAP-BRAF and MS4A6A-BRAF) in two aggressive histiocytic neoplasms. In contrast to previously described BRAF fusions, MTAP-BRAF and MS4A6A-BRAF do not respond to the paradox breaker RAF inhibitor (RAFi) PLX8394 due to stable fusion dimerization mediated by the N-terminal fusion partners. This highlights a significant and clinically relevant shift from the current dogma that BRAF-fusions respond similarly to BRAF-inhibitors. As an alternative, we show suppression of fusion-driven oncogenic growth with the pan-RAFi LY3009120 and MEK inhibition.
- BRAF-gene fusion
- pediatric histiocytosis
- targeted therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health