Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients experience a high incidence of brain metastases, de novo and recurrent. We review the mechanisms of brain metastases and promising NSCLC molecular markers to delineate potential future therapeutic targets. Discussed are the current and previously utilized roles of surgery, radiation (both therapeutic and prophylactic), and systemic therapies in the treatment of NSCLC brain metastases. Future directions for treatment of NSCLC brain metastases will conclude our review.
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