Breathhold time-resolved three-directional MR velocity mapping of aortic flow in patients after aortic valve-sparing surgery

Xin Liu, Peter Weale, Gert Reiter, Aya Kino, Karin Dill, Thomas Gleason, Tim Carroll, James Carr*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the utility of breathhold time-resolved three-directional MR velocity mapping for quantifying the restoration of normal flow patterns in patients after aortic valve-sparing surgery. Materials and Methods: Breathhold time-resolved three-directional MR velocity mapping was performed on 13 patients with aortic valve-sparing surgery. Ten healthy volunteers and 12 patients with ascending aortic aneurysm underwent the same MR examination for comparison. Aortic laminar flow, turbulent flow, and the presence of vortical flow in the sinuses of Valsalva were semiquantitatively assessed and statistically compared between the three groups of subjects. Results: The average score of laminar flow in the ascending aorta for patients with surgery was not significantly different from that of volunteers (P = 0.210), but was significantly greater than that of patients with aneurysm (P <0.01). The average score of turbulent flow in patients with surgery was significantly smaller than that of patients with aneurysm (P<0.01). The presence of systolic vortical flow in the sinuses of Valsalva for patients with surgery was not significantly different from that of healthy volunteers (P =0.405) and patients with aneurysm (P = 0.238). Conclusion: Breathhold time-resolved three-directional MR velocity mapping allows for quantifying flow patterns in the aortic root and ascending aorta. Normal laminar flow in the ascending aorta and vortical flow in the sinuses of Valsalva can be restored in patients after aortic valve-sparing surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)569-575
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009

Keywords

  • Aorta
  • Aortic disease
  • Aortic valve-sparing surgery
  • Flow
  • MR velocity mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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