Brief PROMIS Assessment Screens for Frailty and Predicts Hospitalizations in Liver Transplant Candidates

Avesh J. Thuluvath*, Andres Duarte-Rojo, Jennifer C. Lai, John Peipert, Zachary C. Dietch, Osama Siddiqui, Sheila Morrissey, Kimberly Belfanti, Lihui Zhao, Kexin Guo, Mohammad Nizamuddin, Praneet Polineni, Josh Levitsky, Ann Marie Flores, Daniela P. Ladner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background. Frailty is prevalent in patients with end-stage liver disease and predicts waitlist mortality, posttransplant mortality, and frequency of hospitalizations. The Liver Frailty Index (LFI) is a validated measure of frailty in liver transplant (LT) candidates but requires an in-person assessment. Methods. We studied the association between patient-reported physical function and LFI in a single-center prospective study of adult patients with cirrhosis undergoing LT evaluation from October 2020 to December 2021. Frailty was assessed with the LFI and 4-m gait speed. Patient-reported physical function was evaluated using a brief Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) survey. Results. Eighty-one LT candidates were enrolled, with a mean model of end-stage liver disease-sodium of 17.6 (±6.3). The mean LFI was 3.7 (±0.77; 15% frail and 59% prefrail) and the mean PROMIS Physical Function score was 45 (±8.6). PROMIS Physical Function correlated with LFI (r = -0.54, P < 0.001) and 4-m gait speed (r = 0.48, P < 0.001). The mean hospitalization rate was 1.1 d admitted per month. After adjusting for age, sex, and model of end-stage liver disease-sodium, patient-reported physical function-predicted hospitalization rate (P = 0.001). Conclusions. This study suggests that a brief patient-reported outcome measure can be used to screen for frailty and predict hospitalizations in patients with cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-497
Number of pages7
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


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