Brief report of a tablet-delivered psychosocial intervention for men with advanced prostate cancer: Acceptability and efficacy by race

Laura C. Bouchard, Betina Yanez, Jason R. Dahn, Sarah C. Flury, Kent T. Perry, David C. Mohr, Frank J. Penedo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Relative to non-Hispanic whites (NHW), black men are disproportionately affected by prostate cancer (PC) incidence, have poorer PC outcomes, and report greater compromises in health-related quality of life. Despite these challenges, black men are underrepresented in psychosocial cancer research, possibly due to limited access to supportive oncology programs. The purpose of this article is to examine the acceptability and efficacy for reducing disease-specific distress of a tablet-delivered psychosocial intervention for older men with advanced PC (APC) and explore differences by race. Men with APC (N = 192, 37.5% black, age M = 68.84 years) were randomized to 10-week Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management (CBSM) or attention-control Health Promotion (HP), both delivered via tablets. Assessments occurred at baseline in person, weekly during the 10-week program via tablets, and at 6 and 12 months in person. Weekly session evaluations and postprogram exit surveys assessed acceptability. Efficacy was assessed with a measure of PC-anxiety validated with racially diverse PC patients using linear mixed effects modeling. Study retention and group attendance did not differ by race. CBSM and HP were both acceptable among older APC patients. Black men rated both conditions more favorably than NHW men. Men in CBSM (vs. HP) reported greater reductions in PC-anxiety at 6 months (not sustained at 12 months). Black men in CBSM reported greater decreases in PC-anxiety over time compared with all other groups. Tablet-delivered CBSM and HP were acceptable for black and NHW APC patients, although black men rated both conditions more favorably. Black men reported a unique intervention benefit related to reduced disease-specific distress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-637
Number of pages9
JournalTranslational behavioral medicine
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

Keywords

  • Black men
  • Disparities
  • E-health
  • Prostate cancer
  • Psychosocial intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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