Objective: To determine rates of positive screens for psychological and substance use disorders in persons with long-term spinal cord injury (SCI). Study Design: A naturalistic cohort design wherein consecutive admissions during an 8-month period completed the screening battery. Setting: Veterans Affairs SCI Center. Participants: One hundred fifteen men, 2 women, mean age 57.4 years, injured an average of 20 years, readmitted for various reasons. Main Outcome Measures: The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and screening items for depression and anxiety disorders. Results: Rates of positive screens ranged from 6.2% for alcohol problems to over 40% for anxiety disorders. Positive screens for depression and anxiety correlated positively with the number of recent hospital admissions. Conclusions: Systematic brief screening for psychological and substance abuse disorders in this population revealed rates of positive screens at least equal to those in other medical patient populations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health