Brief smoking cessation intervention: A prospective trial in the urology setting

Marc A. Bjurlin, Matthew R. Cohn, Dae Y. Kim, Vincent L. Freeman, Lindsay Lombardo, Stephen D. Hurley, Courtney M P Hollowell*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Urologists have an important role in the treatment of tobacco related diseases, such as kidney and bladder cancer. Despite this role, urologists receive little training in promoting tobacco cessation. We prospectively evaluated a brief smoking cessation intervention offered by a urologist at an outpatient clinic. Materials and Methods: Between 2009 and 2011 adult smokers from a single institution urology clinic were enrolled in a prospective, brief intervention trial or in usual care as controls. All patients were assessed by the validated Fagerström test for nicotine dependence and the readiness to quit questionnaire. Trial patients received a 5-minute brief smoking cessation intervention. The primary outcome was abstinence at 1 year and the secondary outcome was the number of attempts to quit. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with the quit rate and quit attempts. Results: A total of 179 patients were enrolled in the study, including 100 in the brief smoking cessation intervention, 41 in the brief smoking cessation intervention plus nicotine replacement therapy and 38 usual care controls. Of the participants 81.0% were 40 years old or older with a mean ± SD 11.26 ± 7.23 pack-year smoking history. Mean readiness to quit and tobacco dependence scores were similar in the 2 arms (p = 0.25 and 0.92, respectively). The 1-year quit rate in the brief smoking cessation intervention group was 12.1% vs 2.6% in the usual care group (OR 4.44, p = 0.163) Adding nicotine replacement therapy increased the quit rate to 19.5% (vs usual care OR 9.91, p = 0.039). Patients who received the brief smoking cessation intervention were significantly more likely to attempt to quit (OR 2.31, p = 0.038). Increased readiness scores were associated with an increased quit rate and increased quit attempts. Conclusions: Urologists can successfully implement a brief smoking cessation intervention program. Our study highlights the role of the urologist in providing smoking cessation assistance and the significant impact of brief, simple advice about quitting smoking on the smoker quit rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1843-1849
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume189
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

Keywords

  • early medical intervention
  • smoking
  • tobacco products
  • tobacco use cessation products
  • urology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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