Using a combination of density-gradient and analytical ultracentrifugation, we studied the photophysical profile of CsPbBr3 nanocrystal (NC) suspensions by separating them into size-resolved fractions. Ultracentrifugation drastically alters the ligand profile of the NCs, which necessitates postprocessing to restore colloidal stability and enhance quantum yield (QY). Rejuvenated fractions show a 50% increase in QY compared to no treatment and a 30% increase with respect to the parent. Our results demonstrate how the NC environment can be manipulated to improve photophysical performance, even after there has been a measurable decline in the response. Size separation reveals blue-emitting fractions, a narrowing of photoluminescence spectra in comparison to the parent, and a crossover from single- to stretched-exponential relaxation dynamics with decreasing NC size. As a function of edge length, L, our results confirm that the photoluminescence peak energy scales a L-2, in agreement with the simplest picture of quantum confinement.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry