Broadening dark matter searches at the LHC: mono-X versus darkonium channels

Anirudh Krovi*, Ian Low, Yue Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Current searches for dark matter at the LHC focus on mono-X signatures: the production of dark matter in association with a Standard Model (SM) particle. The simplest benchmark introduces a massive spin-1 mediator, the Z boson, between the dark matter χ and the SM. Limits derived from mono-X channels are most effective when the mediator can decay into two on-shell dark matter particles: MZ′ ≳ 2Mχ. We broaden the experimental reach into the complementary region, where the Z mediator is much lighter than the dark matter. In this scenario the Z mediates an effective long-range force between the dark matter, thereby facilitating the formation of darkonium bound states, as is common in many dark sector models. The darkonium becomes active when Mχ> MZ′/αeff , where αeff is the effective fine-structure constant in the dark sector. Moreover, the darkonium could decay back into SM quarks, without producing missing transverse momentum in the detector. Considering multijet final states, we reinterpret existing searches to constrain the simple Z benchmark beyond the region probed by mono-X searches. Assuming a baryonic Z mediator and a Dirac dark matter, direct detection bounds can be loosened by giving a small Majorana mass to the dark matter. We also consider the interplay between mono-X and darkonium channels at future high energy colliders, which is at the frontier of probing the model parameter space.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number26
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018


  • Beyond Standard Model
  • Dark matter
  • Hadron-Hadron scattering (experiments)
  • Jets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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