Buckling of a stiff thin film on a pre-strained bi-layer substrate

Huanyu Cheng, Yihui Zhang, Keh Chih Hwang, John A. Rogers, Yonggang Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Controlled buckling can impart stretchable mechanics to brittle materials when integrated as thin films on soft, elastomeric substrates. Typical elastomers are permeable to fluids, however, and therefor unable to provide robust barriers to entry of water, for instance, into devices built with the supported thin films. In addition, the mechanical strength of a system dominated by a soft substrate is often unsatisfactory for realistic applications. We show that introduction of a bi-layer substrate yields a robust, high strength system that maintains stretchable characteristics, with a soft layer on top of a relatively stiff layer in the substrate. As a mechanical protection, a soft encapsulation layer can be used on top of the device and the stretchability of the encapsulated system is smaller than that of the system without encapsulation. A simple, analytic model, validated by numerical analysis and FEA, is established for stiff thin films on a bi-layer substrate, and is useful to the design of stretchable systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3113-3118
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 2014


  • Bi-layer substrate
  • Buckling analysis
  • Pre-strain
  • Stretchable electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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