Building Team Medicine in the Management of CNS Metastases

Archit B. Baskaran, Robin A. Buerki, Osaama H. Khan, Vinai Gondi, Roger Stupp, Rimas V. Lukas, Victoria M. Villaflor*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


CNS metastases are often terminal for cancer patients and occur at an approximately 10-fold higher rate than primary CNS tumors. The incidence of these tumors is approximately 70,000–400,000 cases annually in the US. Advances that have occurred over the past two decades have led to more personalized treatment approaches. Newer surgical and radiation techniques, as well as targeted and immune therapies, have enanled patient to live longer, thus increasing the risk for the development of CNS, brain, and leptomeningeal metastases (BM and LM). Patients who develop CNS metastases have often been heavily treated, and options for future treatment could best be addressed by multidisciplinary teams. Studies have indicated that patients with brain metastases have improved survival outcomes when cared for in high-volume academic institutions using multidisciplinary teams. This manuscript discusses a multidisciplinary approach for both parenchymal brain metastases as well as leptomeningeal metastases implemented in three academic institutions. Additionally, with the increasing development of healthcare systems, we discuss optimizing the management of CNS metastases across healthcare systems and integrating basic and translational science into our clinical care to further improve outcomes. This paper summarizes the existing therapeutic approaches to the treatment of BM and LM and discusses novel and emerging approaches to optimizing access to neuro-oncologic care while simultaneously integrating multidisciplinary teams in the care of patients with BM and LM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3901
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • brain metastases
  • delivery of health care
  • leptomeningeal metastases
  • tumor board

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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