Bulk evidence for a time-reversal symmetry broken superconducting state in URu2Si2

G. Li*, Q. Zhang, D. Rhodes, B. Zeng, P. Goswami, R. E. Baumbach, P. H. Tobash, F. Ronning, J. D. Thompson, E. D. Bauer, L. Balicas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

URu2Si2 is claimed to be a chiral d-wave superconductor with a kz(kx±iky) time-reversal symmetry broken orbital component for the Cooper pair wave function, which contains both nodal points and lines of nodes. To study the magnetic response of such an unconventional state through a bulk, thermodynamic probe, we measured the magnetic torque τ in very high-quality, well-characterized URu2Si2 single crystals at high magnetic fields H and at very low temperatures T. The magnetization M(H)â̂τ(H)/H of URu2Si2, in its superconducting state and for angles within 15â̂̃ from the ab plane, reveals a change in its sign for H approaching H c2: from a clear diamagnetic response dominated by the pinning of vortices to a state with a smaller but "paramagneticlike" hysteretic response which disappears at Hc2, thus implying that it is intrinsically related to the superconducting state. We argue that this anomalous, angular-dependent behavior is evidence for a time-reversal symmetry broken superconducting state in URu2Si2, although not necessarily for the kz(kx±iky) state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134517
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume88
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 25 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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