Cadherin-11 Regulates Motility in Normal Cortical Neural Precursors and Glioblastoma

Jessica D. Schulte, Maya Srikanth, Sunit Das, Jianing Zhang, Justin D. Lathia, Lihui Yin, Jeremy N. Rich, Eric C. Olson, John A. Kessler, Anjen Chenn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metastasizing tumor cells undergo a transformation that resembles a process in normal development when non-migratory epithelial cells modulate the expression of cytoskeletal and adhesion proteins to promote cell motility. Here we find a mesenchymal cadherin, Cadherin-11 (CDH11), is increased in cells exiting the ventricular zone (VZ) neuroepithelium during normal cerebral cortical development. When overexpressed in cortical progenitors in vivo, CDH11 causes premature exit from the neuroepithelium and increased cell migration. CDH11 expression is elevated in human brain tumors, correlating with higher tumor grade and decreased patient survival. In glioblastoma, CDH11-expressing tumor cells can be found localized near tumor vasculature. Endothelial cells stimulate TGFβ signaling and CDH11 expression in glioblastoma cells. TGFβ promotes glioblastoma cell motility, and knockdown of CDH11 expression in primary human glioblastoma cells inhibits TGFβ-stimulated migration. Together, these findings show that Cadherin-11 can promote ccell migration in neural precursors and glioblastoma cells and suggest that endothelial ells increase tumor aggressiveness by co-opting mechanisms that regulate normal neural development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere70962
JournalPloS one
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 7 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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