Calcific Mitral Stenosis

Laila A. Payvandi, Vera H Rigolin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mitral valve annulus is a complex structure that is an integral part of the mitral valve apparatus. The annulus plays an active role in mitral valve leaflet coaptation and in left atrial and ventricular function. The annulus is susceptible to disease processes that are distinct from those that affect the mitral valve leaflets. Advanced annular calcification may extend onto the mitral valve leaflets, thereby causing increased diastolic gradients across the mitral valve. This review highlights risk factors for mitral annular calcification, features of calcific mitral stenosis, differentiation from rheumatic mitral valve disease, and the echocardiographic approach to this disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-202
Number of pages10
JournalCardiology Clinics
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

Keywords

  • Calcific mitral stenosis
  • Echocardiography
  • Mitral annular calcification
  • Mitral stenosis
  • Mitral valve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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