Calcium antagonism in neonatal rats with kaolin-induced hydrocephalus

Osaama H. Khan*, Lisa C. McPhee, Lisa N. Moddemann, Marc R. Del Bigio

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Juvenile rats with kaolin-induced hydrocephalus have reduced brain injury if treated with nimodipine or magnesium sulfate. Experiments were conducted to determine if the neuroprotective effects could be replicated in neonatal rats with experimental hydrocephalus at an age comparable to prematurely born humans. In a blinded and randomized manner, drugs were administered for 14 days beginning 7 days after induction of hydrocephalus. Nimodipine was given twice daily by subcutaneous injections. Daily doses greater than 38 mg/kg of body weight were fatal. Daily doses of 3.8 to 30 mg/kg were not associated with behavioral, structural, or biochemical improvements. Magnesium chloride was administered via daily subcutaneous minipump infusion (0.87 or 1.74 mM/kg) along with twice daily injections of 0.74 or 1.48 mM/kg. Magnesium sulfate was administered by twice daily subcutaneous doses of 1.54 or 7.72 mM/kg. Sedation occurred, but there was no statistically significant protection in regard to behavior, brain structure, or brain composition in any of the magnesium experiments. Developmental alterations in calcium channels of the neonatal rat brain could account for differences from prior experiments in young hydrocephalic rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1161-1166
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007


  • Axon
  • Calcium channels
  • Cerebral ventricle
  • Magnesium
  • Myelin
  • Nimodipine
  • White matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


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