Calcium regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-mediated migration in oral squamous cell carcinoma cells

Hidayatullah G. Munshi, Yi I. Wu, Edgardo V. Ariztia, M. Sharon Stack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Activation of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) has been shown to play a significant role in the behavior of cancer cells, affecting both migration and invasion. The activation process requires multimolecular complex formation involving pro-MMP-2, membrane type 1-MMP (MT1-MMP), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2). Because calcium is an important regulator of keratinocyte function, we evaluated the effect of calcium on MMP regulation in an oral squamous cell carcinoma line (SCC25). Increasing extracellular calcium (0.09-1.2 mM) resulted in a dose-dependent increase in MT1-MMP-dependent pro-MMP-2 activation. Despite the requirement for MT1-MMP in the activation process, no changes in MT1-MMP expression, cell surface localization, or endocytosis were apparent. However, increased generation of the catalytically inactive 43-kDa MT1-MMP autolysis product and decline in the TIMP-2 levels in conditioned media were observed. The decrease in TIMP-2 levels in the conditioned media was prevented by a broad spectrum MMP inhibitor, suggesting that calcium promotes recruitment of TIMP-2 to MT1-MMP on the cell surface. Despite the decline in soluble TIMP-2, no accumulation of TIMP-2 in cell lysates was seen. Blocking TIMP-2 degradation with bafilomycin A1 significantly increased cell-associated TIMP-2 levels in the presence of high calcium. These data suggest that the decline in TIMP-2 is because of increased calcium-mediated MT1-MMP-dependent degradation of TIMP-2. In functional studies, increasing calcium enhanced MMP-dependent cellular migration on laminin-5-rich matrix using an in vitro colony dispersion assay. Taken together, these results suggest that changes in extracellular calcium can regulate post-translational MMP dynamics and thus affect the cellular behavior of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41480-41488
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number44
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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