TY - JOUR

T1 - Calculating dipole and quadrupole polarizabilities relevant to surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy

AU - Kedziora, Gary S.

AU - Schatz, George C.

N1 - Funding Information:
We thank A. Polubotko for several discussions that stimulated us to do these calculations. We also thank R.P. Van Duyne for useful comments. This research was supported by ARO Grant DAAG55-97-1-0133 and by PRF Grant 29507-AC6,5.

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - We have used ab initio electronic structure calculations to calculate the frequency dependent dipole-dipole polarizability (α), quadrupole-dipole polarizability (A), quadrupole-quadrupole polarizability (C), (electric) dipole-magnetic dipole polarizability (G), and their normal coordinate derivatives for CO. The polarizability derivatives are of relevance to the interpretation of surface enhanced Raman (SER) spectra. Basis set convergence of these spectroscopic properties is studied, along with the effect of including electron correlation at the second-order polarization propagator (SOPPA) level, and the variation of the results with excitation frequency. The largest basis set SOPPA results that we have generated appear to be converged to within 20% or better for most of the properties we have studied, however in a few cases the convergence is much poorer. The most difficult property to converge involves the off-diagonal component of the derivatives of the quadrupole-dipole polarizability tensor. Our results show that the ratio of the largest components of A to the largest components of α are on the order of one atomic unit in size, and a similar statement can be made concerning the corresponding ratios of the normal coordinate derivatives. This means that the ratio of field derivatives to field strengths will also have to be on the order of one atomic unit in order for A and C to contribute comparably to α in determining SERS intensities.

AB - We have used ab initio electronic structure calculations to calculate the frequency dependent dipole-dipole polarizability (α), quadrupole-dipole polarizability (A), quadrupole-quadrupole polarizability (C), (electric) dipole-magnetic dipole polarizability (G), and their normal coordinate derivatives for CO. The polarizability derivatives are of relevance to the interpretation of surface enhanced Raman (SER) spectra. Basis set convergence of these spectroscopic properties is studied, along with the effect of including electron correlation at the second-order polarization propagator (SOPPA) level, and the variation of the results with excitation frequency. The largest basis set SOPPA results that we have generated appear to be converged to within 20% or better for most of the properties we have studied, however in a few cases the convergence is much poorer. The most difficult property to converge involves the off-diagonal component of the derivatives of the quadrupole-dipole polarizability tensor. Our results show that the ratio of the largest components of A to the largest components of α are on the order of one atomic unit in size, and a similar statement can be made concerning the corresponding ratios of the normal coordinate derivatives. This means that the ratio of field derivatives to field strengths will also have to be on the order of one atomic unit in order for A and C to contribute comparably to α in determining SERS intensities.

KW - Dipole

KW - Quadrupole

KW - Raman spectroscopy

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U2 - 10.1016/S1386-1425(98)00266-2

DO - 10.1016/S1386-1425(98)00266-2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0033096886

SN - 1386-1425

VL - 55

SP - 625

EP - 638

JO - Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy

JF - Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy

IS - 3

ER -