Callosal function in multiple sclerosis: Bimanual motor coordination

Eric B. Larson*, Debra S. Burnison, Warren S. Brown

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Evidence of callosal dysfunction in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) was examined using a test of bimanual coordination. MS patients were slower than non-patients on the Bimanual Coordination Test (BCT) on both unimanual trials (simple motor speed) and bimanual trials (intermanual coordination). Further, when compared to normals, MS patients exhibited a substantially greater difference between bimanual and unimanual response time, suggesting a deficit in interhemispheric motor interactions. A subgroup of MS subjects who showed markedly inefficient callosal transmission had previously been identified on the basis of abnormal evoked potentials (low amplitude cross-callosal evoked potentials). In comparisons of MS subgroups, the deficit in bimanual motor coordination was found only in MS patients with EP evidence of inefficient callosal transmission. These data support the conclusion that deficits in bimanual motor coordination occur in MS and that these deficits are related to callosal dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-214
Number of pages14
JournalCortex
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Bimanual motor coordination
  • Corpus callosum
  • Multiple sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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