Can morbidity and mortality of SLE be improved?

Anurekha Bongu, Elizabeth Chang, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the second most common autoimmune disorder (after thyroid disease) in women of childbearing age. Lupus is increasingly being recognized throughout the world's population. The incidence and prevalence of SLE varies among racial and ethnic groups. Lupus patient survival has significantly improved over the past five decades, but a three- to fivefold increased risk of death remains compared with the general population. As lupus patients survive longer, these individuals face a range of complications from the disease itself or consequent to its treatment. Emerging data from epidemiological studies underscore the importance of incorporating race and ethnicity in understanding the risk factors leading to the significant burden of mortality and morbidity associated with this disease. This chapter describes the epidemiology of lupus with a focus on racial and ethnic differences, reviews the mortality associated with the disease, discusses selected complications associated with morbidity related to the disease and highlights areas where we can improve mortality and morbidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-332
Number of pages20
JournalBest Practice and Research: Clinical Rheumatology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002


  • Epidemiology
  • Morbidity
  • Mortality
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

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