Can polarization of macrophage metabolism enhance cardiac regeneration?

Connor Lantz, Amanda Becker, Edward B. Thorp*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


While largely appreciated for their antimicrobial and repair functions, macrophages have emerged as indispensable for the development, homeostasis, and regeneration of tissue, including regeneration of the neonatal heart. Upon activation, mammalian neonatal macrophages express and secrete factors that coordinate angiogenesis, resolution of inflammation, and ultimately cardiomyocyte proliferation. This is contrary to adult macrophages in the adult heart, which are incapable of inducing significant levels of cardiac regeneration. The underlying mechanisms by which pro-regenerative macrophages are activated and regulated remain vague. A timely hypothesis is that macrophage metabolism contributes to this proliferative and regenerative potential. This is because we now appreciate the significant contributions of metabolites to immune cell programming and function, beyond solely bioenergetics. After birth, the metabolic milieu of the neonate is subject to significant alterations in oxygenation and nutrient supply, which will affect how metabolic substrates are catabolized. In this context, we discuss potential roles for select macrophage metabolic pathways during cardiac regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-96
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • Cardiac
  • Immunometabolism
  • Macrophage
  • Regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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