Candidemia in a pediatric population

Julie Kim Stamos*, Anne H. Rowley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Scopus citations

Abstract

Candidemia results in a mortality of >50% among adults, but data on children with candidemia are limited. We reviewed 70 episodes of pediatric candidemia that occurred between January 1988 and October 1992. Of these episodes, 53% were caused by Candida albicans, 24% were caused by Candida parapsilosis, 16% were caused by Candida tropicalis, and 3% were caused by Candida krusei. Twenty-five percent of the patients were premature infants. Other underlying conditions included malignancy (15%); cardiac disease (14%); and short-gut syndrome (14%). A central venous catheter was in place during 61 (87%) of 70 episodes. Candiduria preceded candidemia in only 4 (8%) of 52 patients. The overall mortality rate was 19%; 36% of those with intravenous catheters that were not removed within 3 days died, whereas none of the patients from whom catheters were removed within 3 days died (P <.0001). Only two survivors had complications. Therapy with amphotericin B (with or without flucytosine) was administered to 74% of these patients. Seventeen patients were not treated medically; all were immunocompetent and survived. Of these patients, 15 were >2 months of age; 14 had candidemia for ≤2 days; and 15 had an intravenous catheter removed within 2 days of the onset of candidemia. No patient stopped receiving amphotericin B because of side effects. The results of this study suggest the following: that mortality associated with candidemia is lower among children than among adults; that failure to remove the indwelling intravenous catheter usually results in a poor outcome; that candiduria rarely precedes candidemia in children; and that amphotericin B is well tolerated by children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)571-575
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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