Carbonated apatite lattice parameter variation across incremental growth lines in teeth

J. Ryan, M. M. Stulajter, J. S. Okasinski, Z. Cai, G. B. Gonzalez, S. R. Stock*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Results of microbeam mapping (x-ray excited x-ray fluorescence and transmission x-ray diffraction) of Beluga whale cementum and of beaver dentin reveal growth bands are defined by variation in mineral content (carbonated hydroxyapatite, cAp), by variation in Zn content and by variation in cAp lattice parameter a. For both tissues, diffraction and fluorescence data show that Zn signal and a are anti-correlated, that is high Zn signal is co-located with low a, and vice versa. In cementum and bone, treatment with acid removes Ca, Zn and cAp. The data are strong evidence that Zn is incorporated into the cAp lattice in these tissues and that the amount of Zn incorporated varies across two very different types of growth bands, annual bands in Beluga cementum and daily incremental bands in beaver dentin. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first observation of spatial variation of lattice parameter within growth bands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100935
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Beaver
  • Beluga whale
  • Cementum
  • Dentin
  • Lattice parameters
  • Rietveld refinement
  • X-ray diffraction
  • X-ray fluorescence
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


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