Carbonic anhydrase and soluble adenylate cyclase regulation of cystic fibrosis cellular phenotypes

Kathleen Boyne, Deborah A. Corey, Pan Zhao, Binyu Lu, Walter F. Boron, Fraser J. Moss, Thomas J. Kelley*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several aspects of the cell biology of cystic fibrosis (CF) epithelial cells are altered including impaired lipid regulation, disrupted intracellular transport, and impaired microtubule regulation. It is unclear how the loss of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) function leads to these differences. It is hypothesized that the loss of CFTR function leads to altered regulation of carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity resulting in cellular phenotypic changes. In this study, it is demonstrated that CA2 protein expression is reduced in CF model cells, primary mouse nasal epithelial (MNE) cells, excised MNE tissue, and primary human nasal epithelial cells (P < 0.05). This corresponds to a decrease in CA2 RNA expression measured by qPCR as well as an overall reduction in CA activity in primary CF MNEs. The addition of CFTR-inhibitor-172 to WT MNE cells for ≥24 h mimics the significantly lower protein expression of CA2 in CF cells. Treatment of CF cells with L-phenylalanine (L-Phe), an activator of CA activity, restores endosomal transport through an effect on microtubule regulation in a manner dependent on soluble adenylate cyclase (sAC). This effect can be blocked with the CA2-selective inhibitor dorzolamide. These data suggest that the loss of CFTR function leads to the decreased expression of CA2 resulting in the downstream cell signaling alterations observed in CF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L333-L347
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume322
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • bicarbonate
  • carbonic anhydrase
  • cystic fibrosis
  • microtubule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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