Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) is a member of the CEA family of immunoglobulin-like adhesion molecules with two major splice variants, CEACAM1a-4L and CEACAM1b-4S, differing in the length of their COOH-terminal cytoplasmic tail. Both forms are down-regulated in prostate and liver carcinomas relative to normal tissues. We have previously shown in a nude mouse xenograft model that restoration of CEACAM1a-4L expression in human prostate carcinoma cells (PC-3) suppresses tumorigenicity, an effect observed with carcinomas from several other tissues but never established for hepatocellular carcinomas. In this report, we have examined the effect of CEACAM1a-4L on tumorigenicity of 1682A, a rat hepatocellular carcinoma that grows on the omentum when injected into the peritoneal cavity. Results show that restoration of CEACAM1a-4L expression at levels 13- and 0.45-fold compared with negative controls or normal hepatocytes, respectively, completely suppressed the formation of 1682A tumor nodules on the omentum at 3 weeks after injection. In contrast, 1682A cells infected with CEACAM1b-4S or an empty retroviral vector formed multiple clusters of tumor nodules. Although tumor nodules of 1682A cells positive and negative for CEACAM1a-4L did not display significant differences in histologic organization, aggregates formed in vitro by 1682A-L were smaller in size and displayed enlarged intercellular spaces relative to their 1682A-V counterparts. Restoration of CEACAM1a-4L expression did not elevate levels of apoptosis but seemed to cause an increase in the length of G1. This is the first demonstration of CEACAM1a-4L- induced tumor suppression in liver carcinomas using a quantifiable i.p. syngeneic transplantation model.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research