PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As the field of transplant has advanced, cardiac events have become the leading cause of morbidity and mortality after liver and kidney transplantation ahead of graft failure and infection. This trend has been bolstered by the transplantation of older and sicker patients who have a higher burden of cardiovascular risk factors, accentuating the need to determine which patients should undergo more extensive cardiac evaluation prior to transplantation. RECENT FINDINGS: Computed tomography coronary angiography with or without coronary artery calcium scoring is now preferred over stress imaging in most transplant candidates for assessment of coronary artery disease. Assessment of cardiac structure and function using transthoracic echocardiography with tissue doppler imaging and strain imaging is recommended, particularly in liver transplant candidates who are at high risk of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, for which new diagnostic criteria were recently published in 2019. SUMMARY: Cardiac evaluation of liver and kidney transplant candidates requires a global assessment for both short and long-term risk for cardiac events. Imaging of cardiac structure and function using transthoracic echocardiography with tissue doppler imaging and strain imaging is recommended. Risk stratification should consider both the anatomic and functional consequences of coronary artery disease in transplant candidates. VIDEO ABSTRACT: http://links.lww.com/MOT/A27.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy