Cardiac evaluation of the kidney or liver transplant candidate

Paul Emile Levy, Sadiya S. Khan, Lisa B. VanWagner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review As the field of transplant has advanced, cardiac events have become the leading cause of morbidity and mortality after liver and kidney transplantation ahead of graft failure and infection. This trend has been bolstered by the transplantation of older and sicker patients who have a higher burden of cardiovascular risk factors, accentuating the need to determine which patients should undergo more extensive cardiac evaluation prior to transplantation. Recent findings Computed tomography coronary angiography with or without coronary artery calcium scoring is now preferred over stress imaging in most transplant candidates for assessment of coronary artery disease. Assessment of cardiac structure and function using transthoracic echocardiography with tissue doppler imaging and strain imaging is recommended, particularly in liver transplant candidates who are at high risk of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, for which new diagnostic criteria were recently published in 2019. Summary Cardiac evaluation of liver and kidney transplant candidates requires a global assessment for both short and long-term risk for cardiac events. Imaging of cardiac structure and function using transthoracic echocardiography with tissue doppler imaging and strain imaging is recommended. Risk stratification should consider both the anatomic and functional consequences of coronary artery disease in transplant candidates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent opinion in organ transplantation
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart failure
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation

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