A key advantage of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging over other cardiac imaging modalities is the ability to perform detailed tissue characterization. CMR techniques continue to evolve, with advanced imaging sequences being developed to provide a reproducible, quantitative method of tissue interrogation. The T1 mapping technique, a pixel-by-pixel method of quantifying T1 relaxation time of soft tissues, has been shown to be promising for characterization of diseased myocardium in a wide variety of cardiomyopathies. In this review, we describe the basic principles and common techniques for T1 mapping and its use for native T1, postcontrast T1, and extracellular volume mapping. We will review a wide range of clinical applications of the technique that can be used for identification and quantification of myocardial edema, fibrosis, and infiltrative diseases with illustrative clinical examples. In addition, we will explore the current limitations of the technique and describe some areas of ongoing development. Level of Evidence: 5. Technical Efficacy: Stage 2. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2020;51:1336–1356.
- T mapping
- cardiac magnetic resonance
- magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging