Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Youth: An Important Marker of Health: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association

Geetha Raghuveer, Jacob Hartz, David R. Lubans, Timothy Takken, Jennifer L. Wiltz, Michele Mietus-Snyder, Amanda M. Perak, Carissa Baker-Smith, Nicholas Pietris, Nicholas M. Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) refers to the capacity of the circulatory and respiratory systems to supply oxygen to skeletal muscle mitochondria for energy production needed during physical activity. CRF is an important marker of physical and mental health and academic achievement in youth. However, only 40% of US youth are currently believed to have healthy CRF. In this statement, we review the physiological principles that determine CRF, the tools that are available to assess CRF, the modifiable and nonmodifiable factors influencing CRF, the association of CRF with markers of health in otherwise healthy youth, and the temporal trends in CRF both in the United States and internationally. Development of a cost-effective CRF measurement process that could readily be incorporated into office visits and in field settings to screen all youth periodically could help identify those at increased risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E101-E118
JournalCirculation
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 18 2020

Keywords

  • AHA Scientific Statements
  • cardiorespiratory fitness
  • cardiovascular diseases
  • cognition
  • exercise
  • mental health
  • physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Youth: An Important Marker of Health: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this