Cardiovascular health and subclinical atherosclerosis in second generation South Asian Americans: The MASALA study

Nilay S. Shah*, Juned Siddique, Mark D. Huffman, Alka M. Kanaya, Namratha R. Kandula

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We describe cardiovascular health (CVH) in second-generation (U.S.-born) South Asian Americans in the MASALA study, a population for whom CVH is not previously described. CVH factors in second-generation (N = 21) compared with first-generation (N = 495) South Asian Americans included: total cholesterol (199 ± 31 versus 191 ± 35 mg/dL, p = 0.25), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (121 ± 27 versus 115 ± 30 mg/dL, p = 0.41), triglycerides (163 ± 197 versus 138 ± 72 mg/dL, p = 0.10), diet score (66 ± 8 versus 70 ± 6 points, p = 0.06), BMI (27.6 ± 4.9 versus 26.2 ± 4.1 kg/m2, p = 0.12), and CAC prevalence (26.3% versus 23.9%, p = 0.34). Age- and sex-adjusted differences were not statistically significant. Further investigation of CVH in this risk-enhanced population may help identify differences between second-generation and first-generation immigrant South Asians in the U.S.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-632
Number of pages4
JournalIndian Heart Journal
Volume73
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular risk factors
  • Second generation
  • South Asian Americans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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