Cardiovascular Health in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Mark D. Huffman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The American Heart Association has defined cardiovascular health (CVH) through 7 metrics, including 3 health behaviors (tobacco use, diet, and physical activity) and 4 health factors (body weight, blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and blood glucose). Although the American Heart Association has championed the measurement, monitoring, and messaging of CVH through its goal to improve the CVH of all Americans by 20% by 2020, the current state of CVH in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has not been well documented. In this review, the author discuss (1) definition of CVH, (2) methods of measuring and monitoring CVH in LMICs, (3) recent trends in CVH metrics in LMICs, and (4) strategies to improve CVH in LMICs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-419
Number of pages21
JournalCurrent Problems in Cardiology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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