Cardiovascular risk factors in Mexican-American and non-Hispanic white children: The Corpus Christi child heart study

Susan R. Tortolero*, David C. Goff, Milton Z. Nichaman, Darwin R. Labarthe, Jo Anne Grunbaum, Craig L. Hanis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Information concerning differences in cardiovascular disease risk factors between Mexican-American and non-Hispanic white children is limited. We conducted a study to determine if there were ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and whether such differences were explained by differences in body mass index. Methods and Results: Fasting glucose, insulin, and blood lipid concentrations, blood pressure, weight, and height were measured in a cross-sectional survey among 403 third-grade children in Corpus Christi, Tex. We found significantly higher fasting insulin and glucose concentrations among Mexican-American than among non-Hispanic white children. Mexican-American boys had slightly lower levels of HDL cholesterol and higher systolic blood pressure than non- Hispanic white boys. Ethnic differences in insulin and glucose were not explained by body mass index. Conclusions: These results provide preliminary evidence that ethnic differences in insulin, glucose, body mass index, and other risk factors occur as early as age 8 to 10 years. Additional research is warranted on differences in risk factors in Mexican-American and non- Hispanic white children and the potential importance of insulin in influencing the natural history of these characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-423
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 1997

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Cholesterol
  • Glucose
  • Insulin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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