There has been significant progress in the development of new anticancer therapies over the last decade.Targeted therapies, including anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 agents, vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors, and tyrosine kinase inhibitors, have been important components of current treatment strategies. However, many of these therapies have been associated with chemotherapy-related cardiac dysfunction. While newer targeted agents provide "on-target" anticancer activity, their "off-target" drug effects encompass a wide range of cardiovascular toxicities. Many of these toxicities are reversible, but they may limit the use and length of treatment and compromise its efficacy. Oncologists are often the first to diagnose chemotherapy-related cardiac dysfunction, although patients with advanced cardiotoxicity are referred to cardiologists for further care. The field of cardio-oncology has emerged as a necessary discipline to address these disabling complications. In order to prevent late-stage cardiotoxicity, an early collaborative effort between oncologists and cardiologists is warranted to risk-stratify patients prior to therapy and to treat at the earliest signs of cardiotoxicity. It is therefore of utmost importance for oncologists to be aware of the cardiotoxicities of anticancer therapies, and to be familiar with modifiable risk factors and early interventions that can prevent long-term cardiac damage.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.)|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research