Carrying the Burden: Counselors of Color’s Experiences of Microaggressions in Counseling

Susan F. Branco*, Hannah B. Bayne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In this secondary analysis using a previous dataset, the authors explored, via a phenomenological research tradition, how 8 counselors of color responded to clients’ microaggressive behaviors. Researchers identified 3 major themes in the data: (a) buffering and bracing for racial microaggressions, (b) experiencing the intrusions of racial microaggressions, and (c) strategizing and responding in session. The authors apply the Multicultural and Social Justice Counseling Competencies (Ratts, Singh, Nassar-McMillan, Butler, & McCullough, 2015) to their findings as a framework for considering practice and training implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-282
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Counseling and Development
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020


  • counselor education
  • counselors of color
  • microaggressions
  • racism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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