Case Report: Anterior Spinal Cord Ischemia Following Embolization of Cerebellar Arteriovenous Malformation: An Illustrative Case and Review of Spinal Cord Vascular Anatomy

Yasaman Moazeni, Donald R. Cantrell, Jeffrey R. Clark, Ramez N. Abdalla, Ayush Batra, Michael C. Hurley, Sameer A. Ansari, Eric J. Russell, Ali Shaibani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spinal cord ischemia (SCI) is a rare entity with high mortality and morbidity which can arise from causes such as atherosclerosis, aortic dissection or aneurysm, thromboembolic events or systemic hypotension, and is a potential complication of spinal surgery. Published literature contains very few reports of SCI as a complication of intracranial interventions, highlighting the uncommon nature of SCI in these circumstances. We report the occurrence of anterior SCI in a 69-year-old patient following successful embolization of a cerebellar arteriovenous malformation (AVM), marked by upper extremity weakness, lower extremity paraplegia, loss of bladder and bowel control, and hypercapnic respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated upper cervical diffusion restriction and T2/STIR hyperintensity. Unusually, SCI occurred in this case without intraprocedural catheter wedging or obvious flow limitation, prolonged procedure time, hypercoagulable state, or general hypotension. We review previous cases in the literature as well as spinal cord vascular anatomy, and discuss the possible etiologies of this complication. Spinal cord ischemia could be a very rare complication of neuroendovascular procedures even in the absence of warning signs and should be carefully evaluated in patients with suspected neurologic symptoms after such procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number725065
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 7 2021

Keywords

  • arteriovenous malformation
  • embolization
  • spinal cord
  • spinal cord ischemia
  • stroke
  • vascular diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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