Cast-replicated NiTiCu foams with superelastic properties

Marcus L. Young*, John D. Defouw, Jan Frenzel, David C. Dunand

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Ni40Ti50Cu10 foams were replication cast into a porous SrF2 preform. This space holder is chemically stable in contact with liquid and solid Ni40Ti50Cu10, but can be removed by dissolution in nitric acid. A Ni40Ti50Cu10 foam with 60 pct porosity exhibits low stiffness (1 to 13 GPa) and large recoverable strains (~4 pct) during cyclical compression testing at 311 K (38C), within the superelastic range based on calorimetry results. This is the first time that replication casting is used to create an open foam of a NiTi-based shape-memory alloy, due to difficulties associated with the high reactivity and strong contamination tendency of the melt. Casting NiTi-based shape-memory alloy foams enable the economical production of porous actuators, energy absorbers, and biomedical implants with complex shapes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2939-2944
Number of pages6
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

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