Two chimeric proteins comprising the Na,K-ATPase catalytic domain (large cytosolic loop) and the two flanking regions of the Ca-ATPase were obtained by transient or stable expression in mammalian cells transfected with recombinant DNA. In the first chimera (CpNC), a large portion (containing the nucleotide-binding site) of the cytosolic loop between putative membrane spans M4 and M5 of the sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ (SERCA) 1 (fast muscle) ATPase was replaced by the corresponding portion of the Na,K-ATPase α1 subunit. In the second chimera (CNpC), an even larger portion (containing the nucleotide-binding site and the phosphorylation site) of the analogous cytosolic loop of the SERCA2 (cardiac muscle) ATPase was replaced by the corresponding portion of the Na,K-ATPase α1 subunit. Steady state Ca2+ transport and coupled ATP hydrolysis by the chimeric proteins were negligible as compared to those obtained with SERCA enzymes. Nevertheless, the chimeric proteins were able to utilize ATP to form phosphoenzyme levels equal to those formed by SERCA ATPases. Chimeric and SERCA enzymes exhibited an identical Ca2+ requirement for ATP utilization and sensitivity to thapsigargin (TG) which is a specific inhibitor of SERCA ATPase and not of Na,K-ATPase. Furthermore, both SERCA and chimeric enzymes could be phosphorylated with P(i), and this reaction required removal of Ca2+. In comparative experiments, the functional pattern of seemingly unaffected phosphoenzyme formation and inhibited Ca2+ transport was produced in the SERCA ATPase even by single mutation of Pro337 to Ala, evidently due to defective protein conformation. Retention of Ca2+ and TG sensitivity by the chimeric proteins demonstrates that the Ca2+- and TG-binding domains do not reside within the cytosolic loop replaced by chimeric substitution and strongly support previous studies suggesting that binding of calcium required for enzyme activation occurs within the membrane-bound region of the SERCA ATPases (Clarke et al., 1989a; Sumbilla et al., 1991).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology