Commonly, attempts have been made to learn about the structure and function of the pulmonary vascular bed from measurements of arterial and venous pressures and blood flow rate under steady-state conditions (e.g., from pressure vs. flow data) or dynamic conditions (e.g., from vascular occlusion data). Zhuang et al. (J. Appl. Physiol. 55: 1341-1348, 1983) have presented a detailed model of steady-state cat lung hemodynamics based on direct measurements of anatomical and elasticity data. This model provides an opportunity to better understand the information content of the hemodynamic data. Therefore, in the present study we carried out a series of steady-state and dynamic experiments on isolated cat lungs. We then compared the results with those predicted by the model. We found that the model provided a good fit to the steady-state data. However, to fit the dynamic data, some modifications were necessary to account for the viscous behavior of the vessel walls and to move the first moment of the distribution of vascular resistance toward the arterial end of the vascular bed relative to that of the distribution of vascular compliance. Due to the sensitivity of the vascular resistance to small changes in vessel diameters and branching ratio, the modifications in morphometry represent small changes in morphometric data and are probably within the range of uncertainty in such data. The modifications had little effect on the steady-state model simulations but substantially improved the dynamic model simulations, suggesting that the dynamic data are quite sensitive to small changes in relative distributions of vessel diameters and elasticity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)